INTERNATIONAL REPORTS

Responses to 1.01. Population size and ageing context


Australia

Australia has a population of just over 25 million people. In 2019, 15.9% of Australia’s population were over the age of 65 and 2% of the population is over the age of 85.  Australians are living longer than ever before. The number of Australians aged 85 years and over is expected to increase from 515,700 in 2018–2019 to more than 1.5 million by 2058 (sources: https://www.statista.com/statistics/608088/australia-age-distribution/; https://agedcare.royalcommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/2021-03/final-report-volume-1.pdf).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021   Contributors: Adelina Comas-Herrera  |  Ben Admin  |  


Austria

In 2016 Austria had a population of 8.6 million, of whom 0.81 million required help from others to carry out activities of daily life (source: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/economy-finance/ip105_en.pdf). Furthermore, 18.2% of the Austrian population (1.5 million people) are aged 65 years and older, with demographic ageing being observed particularly in rural areas. Approximately 20% of Austrians with LTC needs live in one of the 930 care homes. These homes, on average, can house about 80 people (source: https://journal.ilpnetwork.org/articles/10.31389/jltc.54/).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Canada (British Columbia)

As of 2019, the total population in BC is 5,071,336. There are 948,062 people over the age of 65 and 118,479 people over the age of 85 (source: https://bcstats.shinyapps.io/popApp/).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Catalonia (Spain)

In 2019, the total population in Catalonia was estimated to be 7.619.494, of which 51% were women and 49% were men. Like most European regions, Catalonia has an ageing population, with 18,9% of the population aged 65 or older, and 6% of the population aged 80 or older. These figures follow an increasing tendency over the last decades and are expected to continue to do so (22,3% of the population is expected to be aged 65 or older in 2030 according to mid-range scenario projections). (Source: https://www.idescat.cat/pub/?id=aec&n=253&t=2010)

 

Last updated: September 13th, 2021   Contributors: Gemma Drou-Roget  |  


Chile

In 2017 there were nearly 3,500,000 people aged 60 or over in Chile, of whom 14.2% (489,000) had some degree of functional dependency (source: https://ltccovid.org/2020/07/27/new-report-policy-response-to-covid-19-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-chile/).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Denmark

Denmark has a population of just under 6 million (5 840 045 in 2021). In 2021, 19.4% of the population were over 65 (1, 134, 564) with 4.1% over 80 (240, 398) and 1.9% (110, 396) over 85 (source: https://www.dst.dk/en/Statistik). These numbers are expected to rise significantly, and according to calculations from Statistics Denmark, by 2053, 10% of the population will be over 80 (source: https://www.sst.dk/da/viden/aeldre).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


England (UK)

By mid-2020 the population in England was estimated to be 56,550,000, representing 84% of the total population of the United Kingdom. The median population age in England was 40.2 years. The share of the population aged 65 years and over was 18.5% and the share aged 85 and over was 2.5%.

(Source: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/bulletins/annualmidyearpopulationestimates/mid2020#population-change-for-uk-countries).

Last updated: September 6th, 2021


Finland

The current population of Finland is 5,546,270. As of 2019, the number of people aged 70 and over was 874,314. Finland is a rapidly aging country, with the number of people over 70 growing by 100,000 in just three years (source: https://findikaattori.fi/en/14).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


France

France has a population of 67.1 million (2018). In 2018 19.6% of the population were aged 65 years and older (13.1 million people) (source: https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/3303333?sommaire=3353488#:~:text=La%20proportion%20des%2065%20ans,2%25%20entre%202006%20et%202016).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Germany

Germany has a population of 83.1 million. In 2018, 17.9 million people were aged 65 years and older (22% of the population). According to the German Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), in 2019 there were 4.1 million people with long-term care needs, 62% women (source: https://ltccovid.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Germany_LTC_COVID-19-26-May-2020.pdf). Furthermore, population age is not distributed evenly across the country. A larger share of population with care needs have been identified in Federal States in the East of Germany, which may in part be due to higher average age and a larger share of women, who more frequently experience care needs compared to men of the same age (source: https://www.iwkoeln.de/fileadmin/publikationen/2015/244405/IW-Trends_2015-03-04_Kochskaemper_Pimpertz.pdf).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Ghana

WHO has estimated that in Ghana, more than 50% of people between the ages of 65 years and 75 years require some assistance with daily activities. For those 75 years and older, the percentage jumps to more than 65% (source: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241513388).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Israel

In 2015, the total population of Israel was 8.46 million, of whom 939,000-11%- were aged 65 and over. One in four households in the country included a person aged 65 or more (source: https://brookdale.jdc.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/MJB-Facts_and_Figures_Elderly-65_in_Israel-2018_English.pdf). 

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Italy

In 2020, 23.2 % of the total population in Italy was 65 years and older, the share of elderly people in the Italian society has been growing constantly in recent years. According to 2019 data, the country was considered to have the largest percentage of elderly population in Europe (source: https://www.statista.com/statistics/785104/elderly-population-in-italy/).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Japan

Japan has one of the largest populations of older adults in the world. In 2020, 28.4% of the population was over the age of 65? (source: https://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/handbook/pdf/2020all.pdf#page=23).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Mauritius

The Government of Mauritius foresees rising rates of dementia and disability and increased overall demand for long-term care. It is planning for a 52% increase in publicly funded residential bed capacity by 2030 (source: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241513388).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Netherlands

Data shows that in 2020, the Netherlands had a population of about 17.4 million. Nearly 114,000 people aged 65 and over live in residential care and nursing homes.

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Northern Ireland (UK)

In mid-2020 the total population in Northern Ireland was 1,896,000, which represents 2.8% of the total population of the United Kingdom. The median population age was 39.2. The share of the population aged 65 and more was 16.9% and share aged 85 and over was 2.1%.

Source: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/bulletins/annualmidyearpopulationestimates/mid2020#population-change-for-uk-countries

Last updated: September 6th, 2021


Poland

Poland has one of the most rapidly ageing populations in the European Union (EU): by 2060, the proportion of the population aged 65–79 is expected to double and the proportion of the population aged 80+ is expected to triple (source: Poland Country (filesusr.com).

 

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Republic of Korea

In 2020, the population was 51.27 million out of which 8.10 million (16%) were aged 65+. This proportion is projected to almost 43% by 2060 (source: https://ltccovid.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/The-Long-Term-Care-COVID19-situation-in-South-Korea-7-May-2020.pdf).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Scotland (UK)

In mid-2020, the total population of Scotland was 5,466,000, representing 8.1% of the total population of the United Kingdom. The media population age was 42.1 years. The share of population aged 65 or over was 19.3% and the share aged 85 or over was 2.3%.

Source: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/bulletins/annualmidyearpopulationestimates/mid2020#population-change-for-uk-countries

Last updated: September 6th, 2021


Singapore

In 2019, 14.4% of Singapore’s population of 3.9 million people was aged 65 years or older, and by 2030, this figure is expected to rise to 25%: The number of older people is projected to increase by 317,000 -from 583,000 to 900,000 by 2030. Consequently, the  demand for LTC is expected to accelerate the coming 2 decades (sources: https://ltccovid.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/The-COVID-19-Long-Term-Care-situation-in-Singapore-27July-2020.pdf; Aging Asia and the Pacific: Singapore’s Long-Term Care System-Adapting to Population Aging (adb.org).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


South Africa

In South Africa, 35% of people between the ages of 65 years and 75 years require some assistance with daily activities. For those 75 years and older, the percentage increases to 45% (source: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789241513388).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Sri Lanka

In 2019, approximately 15.9% of the population of Sri Lanka was older than 60 years of age, with 9.2% aged 60–69 years, 5.1% aged 70–79 years, and 1.6% over 80 years of age. Projections suggest that these proportions will increase, more than doubling between 2030 and 2050; 60% will be women. This also represents a significant increase in absolute numbers. The “old-age dependency ratio” is projected to rise steadily, from 20% in 2015 to 43% in 2050 (source: Country Diagnostic Study on Long-Term Care in Sri Lanka (adb.org).

Last updated: September 8th, 2021


Sweden

In 2019 Swedish population was 10.33 million. Twenty percent of the Swedish population were 65 years and older; 5.2 % were 80 years and older and 1 % were 90 years or older (source: https://www.statista.com/statistics/525637/sweden-elderly-share-of-the-total-population-by-age-group/)

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Thailand

The Thai population was 69,625,582 in 2019, life expectancy at birth was 73.12 years for men and 80.62 years for women in 2019. The number of older persons is expected to increase from 11.3 million (16.7% of the Thai population) in 2017 to 22.9 million (33% of the Thai population) by 2040 (source: Country Diagnostic Study on Long-Term Care in Thailand (adb.org)).

Last updated: September 8th, 2021


United States

As of 2019, approximately 16.5% of Americans were aged 65 and older, constituting more than 54 million people in a population of 320+ million (source: https://www.census.gov/topics/population/older-aging.html). Moreover, the number of people aged 65 and older is expected to double in the next 40 years (source: https://www.urban.org/policy-centers/cross-center-initiatives/program-retirement-policy/projects/data-warehouse/what-future-holds/us-population-aging).

Last updated: August 3rd, 2021


Wales (UK)

In mid-2020 the total population of Wales was 3,170,000, which represents 4.7% of the total population in the United Kingdom. The median age of the population was 42.4. The share of the population aged 65 and over was 21.1% and the share aged 85 and over was 2.7.

Source: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/bulletins/annualmidyearpopulationestimates/mid2020#population-change-for-uk-countries

Last updated: September 6th, 2021